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Commercial Lease & Purchase Agreement Law

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  • Examination of commercial leases, purchase agreements, and financing options for commercial properties.
  • Overview of commercial property management, landlord-tenant disputes, and lease negotiations.

New York Commercial Lease Services

Navigating commercial leasing in New York can be a daunting task amidst its ever-changing landscape. Complex contracts, regulations, and various factors can make the process overwhelming. At our firm, we offer comprehensive commercial leasing services to help simplify and streamline your experience.

As part of our commercial leasing services, we provide assistance with a wide range of buying and selling transactions, including 1031 exchanges. The 1031 exchange is a powerful tool for deferring certain taxes on investment properties, but its rules can be intricate and confusing. Our team of experienced attorneys is prepared to guide you through the process, helping you explore whether a 1031 exchange is suitable for your needs and understanding its potential impact on your bottom line. We will structure your transaction and handle all necessary paperwork, ensuring a smooth and efficient process.

If you require assistance with commercial leasing in New York or have inquiries regarding 1031 exchanges, we encourage you to consult with our real estate lawyer at Aronov Law NY today. Our team is available to address your concerns, explain the available options, and guide you through the entire process, from start to finish.

What Is  Commercial Lease?

In recent times, the most viable tools of leveraging on want you have to obtain what you need are all centered on leasing. The human wants are insatiable no doubt. If you want to go into business for yourself, you may certainly need a space to run the business, some machinery, and office equipment. Considering your limited capital, going on to buy for these necessities may seem so inappropriate and well heavily on your budget, that’s when you look at the side of commercial leasing.

A commercial lease refers to tenants who use the property for business or other commercial purposes in comparison to residential use. The world Fortune 100 companies at one time or the other in their Herculean journey had to opt for commercial lease. However, for a beginner with little or no knowledge about the terms and laws related to commercial and real estate laws, I will slowly guide you to the voyage of commercial lease knowledge.

A Commercial Lease is a form of lease structure created solely for business aims and encases units such as security installments, levy, major costs, and commitment to fixing and building of the property to be rented.

Gross, Modified, Triple Net & Absolute Net Lease Lawyer NYC

Gross Lease:

Below a gross lease, the occupant pays base rent, and the landlord engrosses all value for common area maintenance (CAM), real property taxes, landlord’s insurance, and other distinctive sums for the running and welfare of the property. Therefore, a tenant does not need to pay additional running costs in a gross lease.

Modified Gross Lease:

Here, in a modified gross lease, seeks the tenant to compensate the landlord for “pass-through” expenses over a stipulated expense period or base year.

Triple Net Lease:

While a triple net lease requires the occupant to repay the proprietor for CAM, real estate taxes, and landlord’s insurance.

Absolute Net Lease:

An absolute net lease is also a type of lease where the tenant is the singular (only) resident of the leased property, for example, an eatery. When faced with such a case, the tenant has to fund out every bit of the costs of maintenance and welfare of the possession, which includes all budgeted financial expenses. The absolute net lease needs the tenant to inherit all fees and expenditures and crucial fixes.

Commercial leases are accepted for numerous purposes including warehouse, pad, retail, and offices. Pad or ground leases are often applicable to restaurant environments, or to premises where the tenant will bear sole responsibility for constructing and maintaining the structure. Usually, a commercial lease is allocated for a period of five to twenty years with constant increment in base rent.

What Other Commercial Legal Matter Must One Consider

The work of writing and debating a commercial lease can be intimidating to the ignorant participants. The agent must master not only the basic concepts of real estate underlying a lease but also have a working knowledge of the concerns of the company that governs the transaction. To effectively defend the rights of a commercial landlord or tenant, the lawyer must understand the concerns of the business from the point of view of the lawyer and the businessman. Business customers are primarily concerned with their business interests; and as lawyers, it is essential to understand the impact of these commercial interests on the legal advice we must give.

The following is a brief discussion of some of the key provisions that must be carefully considered in each commercial leasing transaction.

Entities Involved:

The parties to a lease must be clearly defined. This is of particular importance in the field of commercial leasing because the agent must be attentive to the commercial structure of the entities concerned. This seemingly simple provision of a lease requires the commercial real estate lawyer to assess the business and tax implications of conducting business as a particular type of entity.


The description of the rented premises must be clear. If the premises are in a multi-tenant building, this distinction should be noted and the largest building in which the premises are located. A description of the square footage of the premises should also be included. It is in the interest of both parties to avoid disputes over the size of the premises during the term of the lease. Such calculations must, therefore, be made in advance so that the parties must specify the size of the space rented under the express terms of the lease.


As mentioned above, both parties seek the stability offered by a lease, in terms of controlling costs from the tenant’s point of view and ensuring a regular income from the homeowner’s point of view. Leases often contain renewal options. Rent for renewal periods can be calculated in different ways – by referring to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), a fair rental value, a fixed percentage increase, and so on. Referring to the CPI or using a fixed percentage increase provides certainty; the use of fair rental value may give rise to a dispute between landlord and tenant, resulting in the need to retain the services of the landlord. Assessors possibly initiate the arbitration proceedings or judicial proceedings to resolve the dispute. In assessing the rent renewal standard, parties must ensure that they choose a standard that provides a fair and reasonable rent increase while providing parties with a degree of certainty of achieving this amount without being necessary to provide time and cost commitments.


Who pays for what? Homeowners and tenants can come to the table with a very different idea of ​​who is responsible for paying what for the duration of the lease. Landlords and their attorneys will work to pass on all costs associated with the tenant’s operation of the property, while the tenant will seek to eliminate or limit these elements. Whatever the outcome of these negotiations, the actual attorney will be clear and concise during drafting, leaving no room for dispute over future payments. Here again, certainty creates value and avoids the extra time and cost associated with conflict resolution requirements.

Use Clause:

The use of clauses set out the conduct a tenant can take on the premises. Tenants are looking for broad usage clauses, which gives them maximum flexibility to participate in their operations and to experiment with concepts. The owners want to limit the number of possible uses to control the nature of the commercial establishment and the synergy of the leasehold complex. Lawyers should also be aware of the impact that a use may have on the environmental conditions of the property, as well as any environmental law triggered by a transaction that may be invoked under the tenant’s activities. A regulatory nightmare can lead to an owner if his board does not properly limit potential uses to those that will avoid triggering environmental laws.

Requirements Relating To Premises:

The owners will wish to transfer the property in its current state, “as is,” without making any statement as to the condition of the property or its suitability for a particular purpose. On the other hand, a tenant will not want to take responsibility for other people’s actions and will seek to release themselves from any liability for the conditions that existed prior to their tenancy. A tenant will also seek to ensure that the building’s utilities, HVAC system, roof and structural supports are in good condition and in good working order at the time of taking possession. A well-designed compromise can ensure that these systems are in good working order at the beginning of the lease, giving the tenant time to report non-conforming conditions, otherwise, the conditions of construction are definitely deemed to be in good working order.

Subleasing & Transfers:

Landlords generally resist the right of a tenant to assign and sublet because they are afraid to enter into relations with “unknown” entities. Also, they disregard the idea of ​​allowing a tenant to take advantage of a “hot” real estate market by re-renting the rented space at a higher rental rate than the rental rate. As such, to the extent that an owner grants a right of assignment or subletting, his or her lawyer must draft the lease document to indicate that the landlord has the right to recover any profit that a tenant realizes on the assignment or subletting. Also, the lawyers should guarantee the landlord the right to recover the leased space prior to the tenant’s assignment or subletting. Finally, if a lease authorizes a right of assignment or sublet, it must obligate the assignee to sign a contract of assumption of responsibility to give the lessor a contractual lien with the assignee and, in the case of a sub-lease, lease, require the tenant to: collateral sublease the landlord to the owner so that, if the tenant defaults under the lease, the landlord also has the possibility to resort to the sublease and resort to it.

Changes & Modifications:

A tenant will want to have the right to modify the premises to meet changing business needs and concepts. As with the use clause, the tenant will seek the greatest flexibility to maximize the value of the lease for the tenant. On the other hand, the owner will want to limit the extent of the authorized modifications, avoiding modifications that affect the structure and systems of the building. A well-written clause will give the landlord the right to choose whether the tenant must remove the changes or leave them in place at the end of the lease.

When writing a document, especially a lease, it is impossible to overestimate the importance of attention to detail. The lease clauses are not autonomous; rather, they are part of a complex and interdependent network that affects the meaning of many other parts of the lease document. When approaching a commercial lease for the first time, it is essential to think about each problem and evaluate it from the objective of the prosecutor and the entrepreneur.

Contact us now for a free legal consultation on any commercial lease law issue.







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